International Federation of Red Cross and Red Crescent Societies (IFRC)

August 15, 2008

A coalition of individual Red Cross and Red Crescent national societies that coordinate relief efforts throughout the world occurring outside the theater of war and other forms of armed conflict.

The International Red Cross and Red Crescent Movement is made up of 186 national societies, one of which is the American Red Cross.

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International Committee of the Red Cross (ICRC)

August 15, 2008

An impartial, neutral and independent organization dedicated to protecting the lives and dignity of victims of war and internal violence and providing them with assistance


Emergency Response Vehicle (ERV)

August 15, 2008

Are vehicles used on disaster relief operations to provide mobile or stationary feedings, distribution of items, and, as necessary, to do casework, communication, and to transfer supplies.

Audio: What’s That Red Cross Truck Doing Here?

Robstown, Texas 7.24.08

San Benito, Texas 7.24.08

Central Indiana Tornado – May 30, 2008

Video of an ERV inspection:


Disaster Operations Center

August 15, 2008

The 24-hour operations center located Red Cross national headquarters in Washington, DC that serves as the primary point of contact for all Disaster Services activities. During large-scale disasters additional Disaster Operations Centers may be opened closer to the affected area.

Tampa Bay Disaster Operation Center 8.18.08

Disaster Operations Center 6.13.08


Disaster Action Team (DAT)

August 15, 2008

A team of trained Red Cross workers sent to the scene of a disaster to provide immediate disaster relief to those affected by disaster and to emergency workers responding to the incident. DAT workers often consist of both paid workers and volunteers.


Cardiopulmonary Resuscitation (CPR)

August 15, 2008

Lifesaving technique combining rescue breathing and chest compression that keeps oxygenated blood flowing to the brain and other vital organs; useful in emergencies in which someone’s breathing or heartbeat has stopped


Automated External Defibrillator (AED)

August 15, 2008

A computerized medical device that can check a person’s heart rhythm, recognize a rhythm that requires a shock, and advise the rescuer (through lights, voice prompts and text messages) when a shock is needed.